Dayton is a town in Marengo County, Alabama, United States. The population was 52 at the 2010 census, down from 60 in 2000.HistoryDayton began to be settled in the early 19th century, with a town survey done and a "public well" established in 1832. The post office was established in 1837. It was incorporated on January 13, 1844. A devastating tornado hit the town in 1852. By 1860 the town had male and female academies, a hotel, cotton gin, oil mill, blacksmith shop, tavern, cabinet shop, drug store, and several general merchandise stores. The town also had several large homes, though most are now gone. One of the survivors, the William Poole House, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The decrease in agricultural activity over the last century has reduced the population to a fraction of what it once was.GeographyDayton is located at . According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.0sqmi, all land.DemographicsAs of the census of 2000, there were 60 people, 20 households, and 15 families residing in the town. There were 28 housing units. The racial makeup of the town was 65% Black or African American and 35% White.There were 20 households out of which 20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50% were married couples living together, 20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25% were non-families. 25% of all households were made up of individuals and 15% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.27.